Top 10 Rarest Dog Breeds

Everyone knows about the retrievers, labradors, and spaniels. In fact,  The American Kennel Club recognizes 202 dog breeds all around the world, but what about the lesser-known dog breeds? It’s a great question and that’s why we’ve compiled a list of the Top 10 Rarest Dog Breeds.  You definitely won’t see these while walking down the street!

In this article, we’re going to dive into 10 of the rarest dog breeds, ranging from a stunning Italian “truffle hunter”, to a gorgeous British secret!  

1) The New Guinea Singing Dog

If you’re ever in New Guinea, keep your ears open for those high notes! These stunning dogs originate from high up in the New Guinea Highlands, and as you probably guessed are notoriously good singers!

However, there have only ever been 2 photographs ever taken of these mysterious dogs, but there have been a lot of rumors circulating around the internet. 

In 1989, Tim Flannery supposedly captured a rare image of the dog, he reported that it looks extremely similar to the Australian Dingo! He also noted that they lived high up with feral populations in the alpine grasslands. They initially started off as wild animals but were eventually tamed and now live with local populations. 


The New Guinea Singing Dog

2) Mudi Dogs

Coming in at number two on our list is the Hungarian Mudi, a beautiful dog breed that dates back to the 1930s. Despite being around for close to 100 years, there are only a couple thousand in existence around the world. This is partially due to the effects of WWII, with Mudis nearly being completely wiped out. 

They were often called ‘driver dogs’ based on their ability to shepherd up to 500 sheep! So not only are they extremely rare, but also extremely smart too! Although they are called Mudi dogs, they are far from ‘moody’, in fact, they are very upbeat, enthusiastic, and most importantly, very hard working! 


Mudi Dogs

3) Lagotto Romagnolo

These fluffy creatures directly translate to “lake dog from Romagna”, originating from the wet marshlands in Romagna, northern Italy. They were originally bred to hunt waterfowl but have since been trained as “truffle hunters”.

They have an exceptional smell as well as their natural tendency to dig, they make the perfect breed to dig up valuable truffles! 

There are only 500 registered in the US but they are becoming extremely popular, not to mention they can live up to 18 years! It’s worth mentioning that they do come with quite a hefty price tag, ranging up to $7,500. 


Lagotto Romagnolo

4) Azawakh

A stunning sighthound that originates from Western Africa, don’t be alarmed by their skin appearance, they are so lean that their bone structure is extremely visible. These dogs come from the crossbreeding of 2 African breeds, the Sloughi, and Saluke. 

A little known fact about these stunning dogs is that they can reach speeds of up to 40 MPH! Good luck trying to catch one if it ever decides to take off!.

They have been used as hunting dogs for thousands of years in rural Africa but eventually made its way to the US in the 1980s.



5) Otterhound

The Otterhound is a large, rough-coated dog breed originating from Britain. Last year, a mere 24 litters were birthed and they are fastly becoming at risk of going extinct. They’ve been around for more than 500 years, commonly compared to “bloodhounds” but today there are less than 1000 around the world. 

No one knows for sure why they are so rare, but they are often referred to as the “class clown” they are extremely boisterous, bouncy, and packed full of energy! It’s worth mentioning that they’re a big fan of mud, so if you’ve got lovely white decoration in your house, it might be worth a nice big bath after any walks!



6) Peruvian Inca Orchid

Also known as the “naked dog” this dog probably features on most peoples' “Ugliest Dogs” list. They aren’t exactly supermodels of the dog world but they are extremely affectionate companion dogs, once used as hunting dogs. 

The breed first appeared in Moche pottery in 750 AD, however, when the Conquistadors conquered Peru they interbred with western dogs. They didn’t last long though, people in the cities were not fond of them and eventually killed the majority of the dog population. In 1966, an American man named Jack Walklin rescued one and brought it back to the US. They are now a protected species, with just over 1000 of them left in the world.


Peruvian Inca Orchid

7) Fila Brasileiro 

These big boys originate from Brazil and have been around for centuries, initially used as a working/hunting dog.

Intimidating at first, they are extremely faithful, earning themselves the saying “faithful as a fila” in Brazil. It’s safe to say it probably isn’t the best choice if you live in an apartment, these dogs need lots of space and room to run around. 

They are friendly with dogs their own size but will view anything smaller as prey, and even with high-level training since a pup they are hard-wired to chase smaller objects like cats and smaller dogs.

They were initially created in the 1600s after cross-breeding English Mastiffs, Bulldogs, and Bloodhounds. They were regularly used by colonist plantation owners to protect against large predators like jaguars.


Fila Brasileiro

8) Catalburun 

This stunning Turkish breed is perhaps the rarest of all dog breeds with an estimated 200 of them in Turkey.

They are quite unique, in fact, they have a “double nose” which is unusual in most pointer breeds. They originally came from the Talus region in the 18th century, where it was commonly used as a hunting breed due to its amazing ability to lay perfectly still in the wait of its prey.

As well as being one of the rarest, they are also one of the most intelligent dog breeds and can be highly trained within weeks. 



9) Stabyhoun

They originate from Friesland, in the Netherlands most specifically the Frisian Forest. They are regular accounts in Dutch books in the 1800s referencing the dog as “children's best friend”. In fact, the first part of their name translates to “stand by me” in Dutch, reflecting their extremely loving, loyal nature. 

There are only a few thousand left today though, however, this number is steadily increasing after becoming quite popular in numerous other European countries. Although they share common characteristics with Spaniels they are far less energetic, but still a great all-round family dog!



10) Czechoslovakian Vlcak

Also known as a Czechoslovakian Wolfdog, these came about after an experiment in 1955. Breeders decided to breed German Shepherds with Carpathian grey wolves, which resulted in these stunning, athletic animals. 

They were actually used by the Special Force Commandos in Czechoslovakia, although this took months of training.  Although they resemble a wolf in appearance, they are highly intelligent, powerful, active, loyal, and devoted to its owner. There are currently just under 200 of them registered in their home country. 


Czechoslovakian Vlcak